22.01.2018 in Exploratory
Multicultural Counseling


In a diverse setting of multicultural groups and ethnographical divide, a counselor or the work of counseling require a set of models to help in effective counseling. Be it school counseling, legal counseling or even spiritual counseling outside a school setting, it is important for a counselor to develop an interest in outsourcing for the minority groups, marginalized and the special needs lot. In this paper identified are some minority multicultural groups and addressed in general is the process of how to go about counseling in a multicultural setting. In this case, Hungarians, Afro-Asian, Asian Americans, and Native Americans would be considered as examples of multicultural and minority groups. The diversity of culture and being able to provide a reliable counseling to either group; counseling models require being in effect in order to achieve the goal of effective counseling. (Herskovits, 1938)


Considering a boat accident that led to the deaths of two Hungarian exchange students in mid July 2010, it is important to realize that it’s not needy students in need of counseling. The fact that minority groups involve themselves in risky events due to the fact that they are foreign and not many of their queers welcome them with both hands; counseling the group upon how to co-exist with other groups is an important matter that may be of help in reducing the chances they take in occasioning their fate with disasters.

Acculturation is a method of culture exchange between groups; it may be in case of minority or major cultural/ethnic groups. As a means of modeling in counseling acculturation is a major device for the elimination of the sensitiveness of the issue of marginalization, minority and asocial divide.  To counsel Hungarian students, as a counselor it is to be known that the task doesn’t revolve around the students or the individuals in the need of counseling. However, as a counselor, aspects of their culture should be evident in one way or another, thus acculturation plays a major role for both the counselor and the individual in being able to construct a pattern of connection. The pattern of connection would be the mechanism that the individuals, in our case Hungarians, would accommodate their uneasiness and be able to link out their issues with that of the counselor.

Counseling is a method of addressing certain issues that face individuals on a private mode of approach. To be able to facilitate that effectively, the counseled individual must be able to learn that the counselor understands the issue from the ground. Not entirely what is exchanged or observed, but also the actuality of how it really feels being that position. Acculturation gives way for this kind of connection between a counselor and the individual in question.


In terms of origin, diversity of cultures and the absorption to one particular culture made as a blend of two, Afro-Asians are vulnerable in the face of cultural diversity. When counseling this group, Tripartite Model of Multicultural Counseling Competency (Sue, 1982: 105) is a considerable effective method of addressing multicultural counseling in diverse and pressing settings. The model includes knowledge, awareness and special skills.

In terms of ethnic minority groups, Afro-Asians are in a position that marginalizes them from special programs like mental health services.  If they do, they are likely to receive poorer services compared to most other classes of ethnic groups. Although the model of Tripartite is mostly associated with clinicians and the medical counselors, in special cases it is most effective if employed to the extreme minority groups (Sue, 1982: 192). The purpose of tripartite model of multicultural counseling is to broaden the abilities of counselors in the counseling filed. For the benefit of the individuals, it is a method of out reaching the minority groups that are less likely to be addressed by other professionals. This, though not psychological approach, is a method of preparing the individual psychologically in understanding the factors surrounding their position as minor ethnics groups.

Asian Americans and Native Americans

Diverse but not minorities, Native Americans do not all belong to the same cultural level. The understanding of their history and the calling life that they serve happen to be an issue deserving counseling. In multicultural counseling there is no set of rules setting the margin of counseling. With an increase of Asian Americans it is important to keep track of the blending of the cultures.

For awareness in changing trends in the global world demands, a unifying theme delivered by Integrative Model of Multicultural Counseling is an effective method in facilitation of counseling Asian Americans and Native Americans. The similarity of the two groups is in terms of what aspect of the other one group possesses or borrows. This doesn’t link the groups because the diversity of their cultures is minimal, but because the cultures are integrated in a similar manner.

When counseling, diversity of culture on one ethnic group may be similar to that of another, the challenges they are faced with may be similar. When this is has been noted, the importance of linking all aspects of cultural similarities leads to a lesser task of facilitating effective counseling despite the applied careful approach of ignoring some aspects by default. History of the Native American and that of Asian American shows that the two share a common ground, where Asian Americans borrow cultural aspects from Native Americans, On the other hand Native Americans in trying to accommodate the Asians lead to an aspect of mutual integration of ethnic practices and beliefs. Special needs for either group can be addressed individually; however the culture of the other may have everything to do with the needs of the other. (Wong, 1999)

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