22.01.2018 in Political Science
Political History of U.S

America is the world’s super power. Its evolution into its current state began between 1920 and 1945. It is the duty of every individual to concentrate all our efforts to make popular what is sound and correct. We should make whatever is unsound unpopular with respect to politics. It is right politically for an individual who has authority to use it. The nation leans on the verge of the politicians. A nation with dirty politics will crumble to pieces and tumble to the ground. A politically stable nation controls the constitution and ensures the nation is free from the threshold of destruction.  The past events of America are a reputable lesson to make its inhabitants to work together and make America a safe and better place to live.

During the 1920s, the United States enjoyed a season of unstable success.  The prices of farm produce and wages fell, at the same time, new industries and industrial profits grew. During this period, the women had a right to vote under the Nineteenth amendment. In 1924, the congress gave its indigenous people the right to American citizenship. (BBC News, 2011). During this period, the US experienced deflation with millions of its people becoming unemployed after the crashing of the Wall Street stock market in October 1929. This along with other economic factors triggered the world depression commonly known as the great depression. Later in 1932, the presidential nominee under the Democratic Party, Franklin Roosevelt promised a new deal for the people of America. His new deal involved resuming the sale of alcohol and reviving the chief public works.

In the depression years, the United States focused on the domestic fears as democracy went down in many nations of the world and many countries fell under the rule of dictators. The World War II began in 1939 with the conflict of ideas between the Germany Nazi and the Britain following the German invasion of Poland. In 1941, Attempts by Japan to neutralize America’s power by attacking the Pearl harbour in Hawaii failed. In turn, these attempts catalysed American support to enter the war and seek revenge. US declared war on Japan. On the other hand, Germany also declares war on US and later this erupts into the massive World War II. In 1945, US dropped two atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This leads to the surrender of Japan in the war.  After World War II, the United States emerged as one of the dominant superpowers. There was also approval of the US contribution to the United Nations (UN). This gave the US an opportunity to participate in international involvements.

In 1947, US pronounced an aid policy for the nations vastly affected by communism in what was Truman Doctrine. This set up a cold war with the Soviet Union. In 1948, America replaced the financial-aid programme with the Marshall Plan. This was a programme to revive the post-war European economies. This scheme pumped money into the into the Western Europe economy. America disbursed a sum of roughly $13bn over four years, deeming the plan a success. In the process of rejecting the long-time policy of no military alliances, the United States formed the NATO alliance (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation), (Gaddis, 2005).

1950 was the beginning of life changing, and breathe taking moments in America. It is the source of the significant, present America. The United States was global influence in economic, political, cultural, and technological sectors. During this time, Senator Joseph McCarthy carried a crusade against the communist in the government. The campaign was later referred to as McCarthyism making her censured by the senate in 1954 (BBC News, 2011).  In 1954, racial segregation in schools became unconstitutional. This took place with the campaign against civil disobedience to secure civil rights for Americans from Africa. In 1960, the Democratic Party candidate John F. Kennedy won the presidential elections defeating his rival Richard Nixon narrowly. He became the first Roman Catholic President of the United States. During his reign, several remarkable events took place. There was acceleration of United States roles in Space Race. America played a significant role in the Vietnam War. At the same time, Martin Luther King Jr. jailed, and he appointed his brother Robert Kennedy to his cabinet as the Attorney General. In 1962, US forced Soviet Union to withdraw its nuclear weapons from Cuba in the Cuban missile crisis. In 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas Texas, and Lyndon Johnson became the president.

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