According to Williams and Wilkins, fertility refers to the ability to conceive or induce pregnancy (p. 380). Whereas fertility allows conception, failing to do so, a person is considered infertile because of inability to conceive after one year of regular attempts without the use of contraceptives.
People who have infertility problems are able to remedy them by use of fertility treatments; the problem of infertility can affect the male or female couple. The Women's Health Council reports that, there are three types of fertility treatments which include medicine to improve fertility, surgical treatments and assisted reproductive technology (p. 15).
Infertility has been able to be reduced by use of various methods that enhance the human reproductive system to be able to function. This has been done by the use of medicine to improve fertility such as traditional Chinese medicine which is used to treat uterine fibroids. The traditional Chinese medicine helps fibroids to stop growing and shrinks them. The cost of the treatment averages to $3800 USD (Gundling and Jacobs 257).
Another way that is used to treat fertility problems is surgical operations. Surgery can be used to treat patients with tubal damage, endometriosis and uterine problems. The surgical operation help to induce ovulation by the use of procedure called ovarian drilling or ovarian diathermy. This treatment helps women who do not respond to drugs, and the operation can cost up to $1600 (Mukherjee 237).
On the other hand, assisted reproductive technology helps to treat complications of infertility; this method is effective because fresh or frozen embryos are implant in the female reproductive system. Before this is done pre-implantation screening is done to reduce cases of spontaneous abortion, this method costs $ 9547 (Gardner, Rizk, and Falcone 237).
Infertility problems had led to the development of proven solutions that allow people to conceive once they are given treatment. Many of the treatments used are cost effective, and they have helped many people to overcome the challenges of failing to conceive.