Animal Farm, a fictional masterpiece of George Orwell, was first published in the year 1945. It is inspired by the scenes and political injustice pertaining to the Russian Revolution and the Second World War (Orwell, 2011). The book was published by Secker and Warburg in London, England. The book centers on the political settings of the government and how the common man suffers, irrespective of who the President or the governor of the state is. The novel falls into the genres of dystopian, allegory and political criticism (Orwell, 2011). The author would have decided to write this novel to shed light on the brutality and injustice of the political leaders and the sufferings of common people.
The story starts with Mr. Jones, who is the former owner of the farm and enjoys all the fortune that comes from the eggs, milk and meat of animals of the farm. Old Major, a white pig, is the most senior animal on the farm and is respected by all other animals. He is the one who ignited the fire of rebellion into other animals of the farm, the night before his demise. Snowball, another member of the pig family, is the honest and affectionate disciple of Old Major who believes in equal rights for all animals as well. Napoleon pig, the rival of Snowball, wants the throne of the farm to be in his hands. He later expels Snowball out of the farm with the help of his trained dogs (Orwell, 2011).
All the characters used in the book are based on fiction, and animals on the farm delineate the common people of the society. The novel maintains great interest and curiosity till the very end, with each stage drawing attention on how society rules are changed by the ones in power for their own comfort and benefits. Boxer is portrayed a dedicated member of the society, who works from dawn to dusk and desires the prosperity of the state. However, the end of Boxer is very devastating. He was handed over to the butchers when he grew old and lost his power of working. The story starts with the commandment of “Four legs good, two legs bad”, explaining that all men are enemies of animals, and ends with the commandment of, “Four legs good, two legs better” when any difference between the ruling pigs and men is barely noticeable (Orwell, 2011).
I liked the book due to its simple language and narrative technique used for illustrating the political setting rather than using jargons and theories for explaining. The message in the book is pertinent to the political practices and injustice in today’s society, and, therefore, its significance and implication has not declined even till today.