Jan 22, 2018 in Analysis
Pangloss’s Argument

Pangloss’s argument is founded on the idea that all occurrences take place for positive reasons. War, rape, Lisbon massive earthquake and other lousy occurrences happen for the best. Pangloss’s theory keeps hope alive even in the time of doom. Candide remains focused despite the pessimism challenges and other odds. There is a determination which is ever present even in the worst of all times (Voltaire 5-13). These events are a true representation of optimism. Candied is motivated to carry out the journey.

The theory makes him exude calm confidence and have a commitment to victory. Well, Pope’s idea could be lacking in that aspect. He presents a situation where man is limited and rendered helpless. Even though he could stretch himself, he is limited in some way and Pope apparently admits that. At some point he says that no man knows certain things but the hand that forms lightning (Pope 8-10). Well, that may be true but Pope should have stated that he that forms lightning would help man know.

Pope tries to protect man from the sufferings that come along with being optimistic. Going against all odds comes along with some pain. Optimism has got its challenges. However, according to Pangloss, people should be positive even in the worst situation. Thus, even though some things would happen for the best, pain will be inflicted at some point. All the same, this is not a reason to quit. Patience is expected to prevail even after all other things have failed. Well, Pope should not have made a comparison between man and deity.

With what man has been provided with, there is a way through it all. The life of men has not been made that perfect. Man is expected to make some effort and that is what requires an individual to be optimistic.  Candide as explained by Pangloss’s theory remains committed towards his beloved. The ultimate goal is a motivation. What is encountered on the way is not really important (Voltaire 5-13). Being obedient and optimistic is all founded in the value given to the ultimate end and/or destiny.


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